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古玩行2019精品推荐第12期:光绪元宝造币总厂库平一钱四分四厘

光绪元宝为光绪三十四年(1908年)天津造币总厂铸造。当时清政府为了垄断铸币权,多次谋划收回各省的铸造钱币的权利,后逢八国联军入侵北京,这件事情不了了之,造币总厂的前身是由时任直隶总督,北洋“铸造银钱总局”。1905年后改名为:“造币总厂”,大臣的袁世凯在天津负责督办筹建的朝廷造币总厂。1908年造币总厂正式开始龙洋的铸造,这款造币总厂的龙洋,铸造精良,造型美观,况且银色和重量都达到了标准程度,市场流通后,倍受各商家的欢迎,但由于铸造时间短,流通于市面的钱币并不多,但这也正是此币的尊贵之处,在民国期间就有钱币收藏家对其进行收藏,足见其珍贵,无愧于近代机制币十大名誉品之一的美誉,近年来造币总厂的光绪元宝,均有价格不菲的成交记录,是收藏市场上的一大热门。

Guangxu Yuanbao was minted by Tianjin Mint in 1908. At that time, in order to monopolize the right of coinage, the Qing government planned to take back the right of coinage in various provinces for many times. Later, when the Allied forces of eight powers invaded Beijing, this matter ended. The predecessor of the general Mint was Zhili governor at that time and Beiyang "General Bureau of coinage and silver". After 1905, it was renamed as "the general MINT". Yuan Shikai, the Minister of state, was in charge of supervising the preparation of the imperial Mint in Tianjin. In 1908, the mint officially began to cast Longyang. This kind of Mint has excellent casting and beautiful shape. Besides, the silver and weight have reached the standard level. After the market circulation, it is very popular among various merchants. However, due to the short casting time, there are not many coins on the market, but this is the honor of this coin. During the period of the Republic of China, some coin collectors entered into it In recent years, the Guangxu Yuanbao of the minting factory has a record of transaction with high price, which is a hot spot in the collection market.

 

【藏品名称】:造币总厂光绪元宝库平一钱四分四厘

[collection name]: Guangxu yuanbaokuping, minting factory

【类别】:钱币

Class: Coins

此枚钱币正面珠圈内铸有满、汉文“光绪元宝”四字,珠圈外上镌“造币总厂”四字,代表着造币的省份,下镌“库平一钱四分四厘”,字体端庄大气,在珠环与齿状装饰圈中间的上部,左右分别有两个凸起的防伪圆点。银币的背面,一条张牙舞爪的蟠龙,刻印的栩栩如生,代表了帝王神圣不可侵犯的权威和尊严。龙的周围遍布朵朵龙云,正上方有“光绪年造”四个楷体字,下端英文“TAI-CHING-TI-KUO SILVER COIN”字样(大清帝国银币),此钱币品相较好,形制规整,质地优良,呈自然包浆,但字体、纹饰均清晰可辨,字体笔法流畅,纹饰刻制工细,存世量稀少,具有较高的收藏价值。

On the obverse of this coin, there are four characters of "Guangxu Yuanbao" in Manchu and Chinese, and the four characters of "minting factory" are engraved on the outside of the bead circle, representing the province where the coin was made. Under the bead circle, there are two raised anti-counterfeiting dots in the upper part between the bead circle and the toothed decoration circle. On the back of the silver coin, a dragon with claws and teeth is carved vividly, which represents the inviolable authority and dignity of the emperor. There are many dragon clouds around the dragon. There are four regular script characters "made in Guangxu year" on the top and "tai-ching-ti-kuo silver coin" on the bottom. This coin has a good appearance, regular shape, fine texture and natural size. However, the font and pattern are clear and distinguishable. The writing style is smooth, the pattern is fine, and the amount of life is rare. It has a high collection price Value.

 

清代银币、纸钞、铜币并行,至嘉庆年间发行新式银元,而光绪年间铸行金、银币更多。洋务运动也影响到铸币业,两广总督张之洞曾于光绪十三年(1887年)委托使英大臣在英国订购全套造币机器,并在广东钱局首铸机制银元和铜元。其后,各省纷纷仿效,购制国外机械铸造银、铜元。包括广东钱局在内,许多造币机均订购自著名的英国伦敦伯明翰造币有限企业。英国大工业的介入,使银币也沾染上西方色彩。钱币正面鲜然可见满汉学问的融合,而钱背却明确标示了西方学问的介入。

In the Qing Dynasty, silver, paper and copper coins were in parallel, and new silver coins were issued between Jiaqing and Guangxu. The westernization movement also affected the coinage industry. Zhang Zhidong, the governor of Guangdong and Guangxi, commissioned the British minister to order a complete set of coinage machines in Britain in 1887, and made the first silver and copper coins in Guangdong money Bureau. Later, the provinces followed suit, purchasing and manufacturing foreign mechanical casting silver and copper dollars. Many mints, including the Guangdong money Bureau, were ordered from the famous Birmingham minting company in London. The intervention of British big industry made silver coins also tainted with western color. The integration of Manchu and Han culture is rarely seen on the front of coins, while the back of coins clearly indicates the involvement of western culture.

 

 

 

 

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