Jade pendants can be hung on clothes, and can also be used as single jade ornaments. The jade pendant is small in size, exquisitely carved, small and lovely. Yuan Zhen, a poet of Tang Dynasty, once wrote, "there is no earth color in gold burial, and no sound in jade falling." The shape of the jade pendant is mostly made of the smaller sub jade round carving, which is concise and concentrated in form, simple and bright in carving, simple and rough in style.
[collection name]: Ming Dynasty Jade Pendant
[Specification]: weight: 168g size subject to the actual object
Transaction mode: Auction
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In the middle and late Ming Dynasty, capitalism sprouted in Wanli period, which promoted the economic development, especially the development of commodity economy, enriched the market choice of the people, activated the market, promoted the productivity, and also promoted the development of jade industry to a certain extent.
The prosperity of jade carving in Ming Dynasty is more than that in song, Liao, Jin and Yuan Dynasties. No matter in shape, type and craft, there are progress. These progress make full preparation for the prosperity of jade carving in Qing Dynasty, another peak of the development of Chinese jade.
The jade materials of Ming Dynasty mainly used Hetian jade with fine and warm texture. Song Yingxing's "Tiangong Kaiwu" recorded the grand occasion of transporting jade materials at that time. "Every jade is bound by its head, or traced to a river or a boat, or driven by a camel, through the waves into Jiayu, to Ganzhou and Suzhou, to exchange markets, to enter China, and to unload Yanjing. Jade works are divided into two parts, one is fixed price, the other is cut.
Ming Jade inherits the artistic / technological features of song and Yuan Dynasties. It has a rough shape and is mainly based on daily life. It has a thick carcass and is widely used in carving. It has two-layer flat carving, commonly known as "embossing on flowers". The decorative lines are vigorous and sharp, with clear edges and corners, and not limited to small sections. The social characteristic of Ming Dynasty is that the country is always in the situation of frequent internal strife and internal and external troubles. However, following the rapid development of commercial trade since the Song Dynasty, especially since the Southern Song Dynasty, the commerce of Ming Dynasty was very developed, and the people became rich. The development and change of jade in Ming Dynasty is also related to the change of society. Generally speaking, the jade in Ming Dynasty gradually deviated from the artistic tradition of both shapes and spirits of jade in Five Dynasties and two Song Dynasties, and formed the artistic style of pursuing exquisite decoration beauty. In Ming Dynasty, the imperial jade capital was supervised by the imperial supervisor, while the folk custom of watching and appreciating jade prevailed. There were jade shops in big cities with developed economy and culture. Suzhou was the most famous jade grinding center. At the same time, in order to adapt to the social atmosphere of collecting and appreciating ancient jades, antique business has also made a large number of fake and antique jades. We can still see a lot of imitated "ancient jade" in this period. Even the Emperor Qianlong of Qing Dynasty was cheated by the imitated jade of Ming Dynasty. Among the existing ancient jades, the jade of Ming Dynasty plays an important role, but most of their works are handed down, which are not easy to distinguish from those of Tang, yuan and Qing Dynasties. Based on the analysis of the archaeological excavation of jade in Ming Dynasty, the arrangement of handed down jade and the mutual influence of Ming Dynasty crafts, this paper makes a clear understanding of the stages, the same materials, the manufacturing process, varieties, categories, patterns, archaize conditions and characteristics of Ming Dynasty jade and sums up the rules, which is very useful to understand the origin, manufacture and use of the jade and identify handed down works.
Collection is a kind of culture, reading, wealth and happiness. Zhang Dai of the Ming Dynasty once said: people can't make friends without addiction, because they have no deep feelings; people can't make friends without faults, because they have no real Qi. Those who love antiques are all addicts, who have deep love for the artifacts and the culture behind them. Art collection is the epitome of Chinese civilization and the plant of Chinese history and culture. It interprets specific history and culture with a wide range of quantities and its own unique charm. The collection and appreciation of antiques, cultural relics and works of art can not only make people walk in a long and splendid historical civilization, but also make people cultivate their sentiment and increase their knowledge, and obtain considerable economic benefits.