[collection name]: bronze horse ornaments of Han Dynasty


[collection quantity]: one piece

【藏品概况】:车和马是古代陆上的主要交通工具。承担了当时几乎所有的陆上运输。《诗·小雅·十月之交》:“择有车马,以居徂向。” 南朝梁刘勰《文心雕龙·指瑕》:“夫车马小义,而历代莫悟。”明孙柚《琴心记·王孙作醵》:“早求车马,同行共赴。”这是古人对车马的记载,在古代车马尤其受到贵族,王族的喜爱,是出行的代步工具以及身份地位的象征。在商,周,战国等贵族墓中经常出土有车马器甚至整套车马和车马饰品作为随葬品。可见当时人与车马的关系之紧密。

Introduction to the collection: cars and horses were the main means of land transportation in ancient times. It undertook almost all the land transportation at that time《 Shi · Xiaoya · the turn of October: "choose the chariots and horses to live in the direction." In the Southern Dynasty, Liang Liuxie's "Wen Xin Diao Long · Zhi Xia" said, "the husband, the chariot and the horse have little righteousness, but they have no enlightenment in the past dynasties." "Ask for chariots and horses as early as possible, and go with them together," says Sun you of the Ming Dynasty This is the ancient records of chariots and horses. In ancient times, chariots and horses were especially loved by nobles and kings. They were a means of transportation and a symbol of status. In the Shang, Zhou, Warring States and other noble tombs, chariots and horses were often unearthed, and even a whole set of chariots and horses and chariot and horse accessories were used as burial objects. We can see the close relationship between people and chariots and horses at that time.




In China, the earliest use of carriage was found in the Yin Ruins of Anyang in the late Shang Dynasty. Carriage, as the most advanced means of transportation for nobles, is the symbol of the status and status of nobles. In the Shang Dynasty, there were many kinds of carriages. Although the craftsmen had mastered the basic principles of carriage operation, they still lacked the grasp of the reasonable size, which can be confirmed by the broken records of axle and scale in oracle bone inscriptions. There is a sudden increase in the number of types of carriages. There are many types of carriages buried in one pit, including luxury carriages and crude chariots. The carriages are both horizontal and vertical rectangles, single shaft carriages and double shaft carriages, big carriages and small carriages. The use of ancient carriages is an indispensable part in the study of ancient Chinese road traffic history, material culture history and technology history.


During the Warring States period, with the development of economy and the maintenance of political power, Fierce wars came one after another, and the demand for chariots increased greatly. The production technology and quantity of chariots became the main symbol to measure the strength of a country. The bronze horse of the Warring States period is a cultural relic of the Warring States period. It belongs to noble utensils and bronzes. In this work, the horse structure is complete, the copper structure is very dense, some small components are more detailed, the craft is exquisite, and the shape of the bronze horse is vivid. It has important historical value for the study of ancient Chinese horse system and smelting technology. The rust color of the ware is olive green and has not been cleaned, After thousands of years of wind and rain hidden in the underground, the decoration is still clear, and the real products are rare in the market. They are precious and rare. They are extremely exquisite. They are precious works of art!


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