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精品钱币推荐:康熙通宝

【藏品名称】:康熙通宝

[collection name]: Kangxi Tongbao

【藏品类别】:钱币

Collection category: Coins

【藏品数量】:一枚

[collection quantity]: one piece

【藏品概况】:康熙通宝为清代钱币,铸于清圣祖康熙年间(1662年~1722年),面文“康熙通宝”以真书直读。康熙通宝按照背面文字可以分成两大类:一类是仿"顺治四式"的满文钱,钱背满文"宝泉"、"宝源"左读,是户、工两部所造;另外一类是仿"顺治五式"满汉文钱。康熙通宝,钱文真书体直读。除宝源、宝泉二局以满文纪局外,各省均以满汉字纪局名,穿左铸满文,穿右铸汉文。各省铸钱均为小平,折十大钱为宝源局所铸,面文离郭隔轮,背满文宝源列穿左右。币材多呈青白色,即用铜锡合金,通称大白钱;也有红铜及黄铜的省局铸钱。

清康熙皇帝在位六十一年,因为当时社会政治比较稳定,经济发展很快,商品交换、货币经济也非常发达,所以康熙一朝的钱币铸造得非常精美,大都很规整,钱型厚重,文字美观大方,而且铸量极大,存世非常丰富。

Brief introduction to the collection: Kangxi Tongbao is a coin of Qing Dynasty, which was cast in the reign of Emperor Kangxi of Qing Dynasty (1662-1722). According to the characters on the back, Kangxi Tongbao can be divided into two categories: one is the Manchu money imitating the "Shunzhi four styles", the other is the left reading of "Baoquan" and "Baoyuan" in Manchu, which is made by the Ministry of household and industry; The other is imitation of "Shunzhi five style" Manchu Chinese money. Kangxi Tongbao, Qian Wenzhen style direct reading. In addition to Baoyuan and Baoquan, all the provinces are named after Manchu characters, with Manchu characters on the left and Chinese characters on the right. The coins of all provinces were made by Xiaoping, and the top ten coins were made by Baoyuan Bureau. The inscriptions on the face were separated from Guo, and the inscriptions on the back were arranged around Baoyuan. The coin material is mostly bluish white, that is, copper tin alloy, commonly known as dabaiqian; There are also copper and brass Provincial Bureau coins.

Emperor Kangxi of the Qing Dynasty reigned for 61 years. Because of the relatively stable society and politics, the rapid economic development, and the well-developed commodity exchange and monetary economy, the coins of the Kangxi Dynasty were very exquisitely minted, most of which were very regular, heavy in shape, beautiful and generous in writing, with a large number of coins and a very rich existence

中文名

康熙通宝

铸造时间

清圣祖康熙年间(1662~1722年)

钱面文字

康熙通宝

Chinese name

Kangxi Tongbao

Casting time

Emperor Kangxi of Qing Dynasty (1662-1722)

Qian Mian characters

Kangxi Tongbao

康熙元年(1662年)清政府下令停铸上代“顺治通宝”钱,而改铸“康熙通宝”钱,并规定以后凡是嗣位改元,所铸钱制皆如此例。纵观康熙一朝,在全国共开设铸钱局二十四处。由于受当时冶铸工本和钱币私铸等问题的影响,每一文康熙钱曾分别重一钱四分、一钱、七分,这样一来便产生了大家今天见到的大、中、小三种不同重量的“康熙通宝”钱。康熙钱的背文除工部、户部所设的宝泉、宝源两局所铸均为满文外,其它外地各钱局鼓铸的通宝钱,其背文左为满文纪地,右为相应的汉字纪地。后人为收藏和研究方便,将满汉文纪地的局名编在一起,形成了一首押韵、顺口的康熙钱“背文诗”。诗云:同福临东江,宣原苏蓟昌。南河宁广浙,台桂陕云漳。这首诗将“康熙通宝”钱背满汉文的二十局都囊括其中。所以有人将康熙的这套钱称为“诗文二十品”。后来还出现了“巩”字(甘肃巩昌局),还有“密”、“川”、“贵”、“西”等钱局的康熙钱。但是至今大家仅见有“巩”、“西”两字,其它尚未见到实物,对此还有一定的争议。康熙通宝还有俗称的罗汉钱,相传是年羹尧熔黄金罗汉所铸,色泽呈金黄色,康熙的熙字较通俗写法少一竖。其中有背大清及龙凤纹饰的宫钱,为收藏家所钟爱。另有福建宝福局于康熙60大寿时起铸有背穿干支的贺寿钱,每年一品,直至1722年康熙帝晏驾,一共十年,共得十品,存世罕见。另有雕母,样钱流世。

In the first year of Kangxi (1662), the Qing government ordered to stop casting the "Shunzhi Tongbao" money of the previous generation, but to cast the "Kangxi Tongbao" money instead, and stipulated that the system of casting money would be the same for all subsequent generations. Throughout the Kangxi Dynasty, there were 24 coin casting bureaus in China. Influenced by the cost of smelting and casting and the private casting of coins at that time, each Wen Kangxi coin once weighed one coin four cents, one coin and seven cents respectively. As a result, three kinds of "Kangxi Tongbao" coins of different weights, large, medium and small, were produced. The inscriptions of Kangxi coins are written in Manchu except for Baoquan and Baoyuan set up by the Ministry of labor and the Ministry of household. The inscriptions of Tongbao coins are written in Manchu on the left and corresponding Chinese characters on the right. For the convenience of collection and research, the later generations compiled the Bureau names of Manchu and Chinese, forming a rhymed and smooth "reciting poem" of Kangxi Qian. Poetry: with the East River, Xuanyuan Su Jichang. Nanhe, Ningguang, Zhejiang, Taigui, Shannxi, Yunzhang. This poem includes all the 20 Chinese versions of "Kangxi Tongbao". Therefore, some people call this set of money of Kangxi "twenty articles of poetry". Later, the word "Gong" (gongchang Bureau of Gansu Province) appeared, as well as Kangxi coins of "Mi", "Chuan", "Gui" and "Xi". But so far we only see the words "Gong" and "Xi", others have not yet seen the real object, which is still controversial. Kangxi Tongbao is also known as Luohan coin. It is said that it was made by niangenyao melting gold Luohan. The color of the coin is golden yellow. Kangxi's Xi character is less vertical than the popular writing. Among them, the palace money with dragon and phoenix patterns on the back of the Qing Dynasty is loved by collectors. In addition, the Fujian Baofu bureau started to cast birthday money with trunk and branch on the back at the 60th birthday of Kangxi, one product a year, until emperor Yanjia of Kangxi in 1722, a total of ten years, a total of ten products, rare in the world. Another carving mother, like money flow.

康熙通宝背大清圣祖康熙年间铸,面文楷书直读,背记局,分“满文”“满汉文”二种,满文钱仿顺治四式。背宝泉、宝源二局,满汉文钱仿顺治五式,穿左为满文“宝”,穿右为汉文记局名。“同福临东江,宣原苏蓟昌,南河宁广浙,台桂陕云漳”。尚有巩西二字重,另有少数背星、月纹及合背钱,记地支钱。当十大钱径4.7厘米,传世以背巩,西,当十大钱罕见,背大字广,南,面文双点通背东者亦少见。记地支钱更罕。这种钱币做工尤为精美,由于有传说掺入金质罗汉的材料而铸,所以后人把它打制成戒指,或把它熔炼提出金子,或当作压岁钱赐予晚辈,或在女儿出嫁时作为压箱钱,致使存世数量越来越少,至今已成为泉家不易多得的少见品种。

Kangxi Tongbao back Qing emperor Emperor Kangxi years cast, face text regular script direct reading, memorize Bureau, divided into "Manchu", "Manchu Chinese" two, Manchu money imitation Shunzhi four. Back Baoquan, Baoyuan two bureau, Manchu Chinese money imitation Shunzhi five style, wear left for Manchu "treasure", wear right for Chinese record bureau name“ With Fulin Dongjiang, Xuanyuan, sujichang, Nanhe, Ningguang, Zhejiang, Taiwan, Guangxi, Shaanxi, Yunzhang. There are also Gongxi two words heavy, and a small number of back star, moon pattern and back money, remember to pay money. The diameter of dangshidaqian is 4.7 cm. It has been handed down from generation to generation. In the west, dangshidaqian is rare. It has broad characters on its back. In the south, it has double dots on its face, and in the East, it is also rare. It's even harder to pay for land. This kind of coin is particularly exquisite in workmanship. It is said that it was made of gold arhat, so later generations made it into a ring, smelted it into gold, gave it to the younger generation as new year's money, or used it as box money when their daughter got married. As a result, the number of coins in the world is less and less, and it has become a rare variety of the Quan family.

 






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